• Other names: Permanent eyeliner, blepharopigmentation, permanent brows
• Primary goal: Application of "permanent" makeup by tattooing ferrous oxide and other metallic pigments into the dermis of the eyelid
• Secondary goals: Freedom from daily application of cosmetics
After permanent eyeliner
• Anesthesia: As the procedure is most commonly performed by cosmetologists rather than physicians, anesthesia options are limited. A stiff drink may help.
• Technique: Ideally, pigment is place between the lashes as a series of closely-spaced dots rather than as a solid thick line.
• Variations: Several different handpieces may be employed using anything from a single vibrating needle to a rotating multi-needle cluster. The dots are applied in single or multiple rows depending upon the desired effect and depth of coloring.
• Advantages: Freedom from the sometimes difficult task of applying makeup, especially in patients with poor eyesight, oily skin, allergies, chronic eyelash infection, eyelid scarring, arthritis, or those always in a hurry.
• Limitations . . .